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Title: Sorption of Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions by nanolimestone from underground water samples from Tehama region of Saudi Arabia
Authors: Ragab, Ahmed H
Ahmed, Inas A
Bader, Dina D
Keywords: Cadmium;Lead;Underground water samples;Adsorption;Nanolimestone
Issue Date: Mar-2020
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Powdered nano limestone (NLS) has been investigated as an in-expensive adsorbent for removal of heavy toxic metals such as cadmium and lead from aqueous solutions. Batch experiments has been carried out, the favorable pH for maximum metals adsorption is found to be 6.8 for both. The surface area has increased in case of NLS up to 6.2 m2/g. The adsorption capacity calculated by Langmuir equation is found to be 75.1 mg/g for Cd (II) and 68.4 for Pb (II) ions at pH 6.8. The adsorption capacity has increased with temperature and the kinetics followed a First-order rate equation for both. The enthalpy change (ΔH0) is 25.4 J mol−1 for Cd (II) and 20.8 J mol−1 for Pb (II), while entropy change (ΔS0) is 41.6 J K−1 mol−1 for Cd (II) and 38.7 J K−1 mol−1 Pb (II), which indicate that adsorption process is endothermic and spontaneous in nature. About 25 collected samples of groundwater has been tested and found to be contaminated with cadmium and lead elements with different rates, with using NLS as adsorbent able to remove both metals from the samples. All of the results suggested that the NLS is excellent nano-adsorbents for cadmium and lead contaminated water samples.
Page(s): 333-340
ISSN: 0975-0975(Online); 0376-4710(Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.59A(03) [March 2020]

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