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|Title:||Flavonol-quercetin functionalized silk dyeing under different liquid fermentation conditions|
|Keywords:||Fastness properties;Fermentation;Natural dyeing;Onion peels;Waste resources;Silk|
|Abstract:||Onion peels have been fermented prior to dyeing of silk to enhance the dyeing efficiency. The conditions have been changed by mixing the nutrients and microorganisms, and the differences in color and fastness are evaluated. Sucrose and dry yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), important factors affecting the fermentation, have been used as nutrients and microorganisms for fermentation. The study has also been done without any additive and by adding only sucrose or yeast for comparison. The fermentation conditions are maintained at 35 °C for 8 h. The L*, a*, b*, and K/S values of silk has been measured using a colorimeter. The value of L* is found highest when microorganisms are added, while a*, b* and K/S values are found lower after fermentation under all conditions. The value of a* is found the lowest when both yeast and sucrose are added simultaneously; b* is the lowest when microorganisms are added. Fastness to light, washing, and perspiration are found higher after fermentation. The dyeing of silk using fermented solutions made of onion peels shows a distinctive color change and good color fastness. This may be helpful in developing natural dyeing products of various colors.|
|ISSN:||0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJFTR Vol.45(1) [March 2020]|
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