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Title: Essential oil composition of clove and nutmeg from Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
Authors: Waman, Ajit Arun
Keywords: β-Caryophyllene;Eugenyl acetate;Eugenol;Hallucinogenic;Myristicin;Nutmeg;Spices;Syzygium aromaticum
Issue Date: Feb-2020
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: In spices, chemical variability is a known phenomenon. Here, we studied the clove and nutmeg grown in different islands both Andaman and Nicobar groups of islands situated in the Bay of Bengal, India. Essential oils were extracted and profiling was carried out which revealed considerable variations among the collections for essential oil content as well as composition. P-Eugenol was observed in island-grown clove samples in the range of 59.895 to 76.059%, whereas, β-Caryophyllene and Eugenyl acetate were other important constituents of oil. In case of nutmeg, myristicin, the hallucinogenic compound, was present in the range of 7.070 to 20.331%. Considering the quality of island-grown spices, these crops could be recommended as profitable intercrops in the existing plantations in the islands.
Page(s): 95-100
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.57(1) [February 2020]

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