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JSIR Vol.63(01) [January 2004] >


Title: Biodiesel production from Karanja oil
Authors: Vivek
Gupta, A K
Keywords: Biodiesel
Karanja oil
Alternate fuel
Fuel
Issue Date: Jan-2004
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract:  Import dependence for oil in India, which is about 70 per cent, is likely to increase further. The study is initiated to investigate the potential of Karanja oil as a source of biodiesel. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from renewable biological resources such as, vegetable oil and animal fat. It is completely biodegradable and non-toxic. Main objectives of the study are feasibility of Karanja oil for the production of biodiesel, optimization of different parameters for high yield/conversion of Karanja oil to biodiesel. Optimum conditions were found to be: Pressure 1 atmos, Temperature 68-70 oC, Reactant ratio 8-10 (Moles of MeOH: Moles of oil), Reaction time 30-40 min, Catalyst (KOH) 1.5 per cent w/w. Tests were also conducted to compare the biodiesel with diesel fuel in terms of engine performance and emissions.
Page(s): 39-47
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Source:JSIR Vol.63(01) [January 2004]

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