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JSIR Vol.64(11) [November 2005] >


Title: Biodiesel: Current perspectives and future
Authors: Hanna, M A
Isom, Loren
Campbell, John
Keywords: Animal fat
Biodiesel
Transesterification
Vegetable oil
Issue Date: Nov-2005
Publisher: CSIR
IPC CodeC11C 3/04
Abstract: Biodiesel, a fuel comprised of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids derived from vegetable oils or animal fat (or mixtures thereof), is produced by transesterification with glycerol being produced as a co-product. Worldwide, 1 billion ton of diesel fuel are consumed annually. The total feedstocks available for biodiesel production are 115 million tons. This represents less than 12% of diesel fuel use. The opportunities for the future for biodiesel include improvements in the conversion technology, which appears promising, and expanding the amount of available feedstock through various plans to increase oil yields or oilseed production.
Page(s): 854-857
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Source:JSIR Vol.64(11) [November 2005]

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