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JSIR Vol.64(11) [November 2005] >


Title: Microbial cellulases - Production, applications and challenges
Authors: Sukumaran, Rajeev K
Singhania, Reeta Rani
Pandey, Ashok
Keywords: Biofuel
Cellulase
Endoglucanase
β-Glucosidase
Humicola
Lignocellulose
Trichoderma
Issue Date: Nov-2005
Publisher: CSIR
IPC CodeD21C 9/16
Abstract: Microbial cellulases find applications in various industries and constitute a major group of the industrial enzymes. Recently, there is resurgence in utilization of biomass for fuel production employing cellulases and hence forth in obtaining better yields and novel activities. Improving the economics of such processes will involve cost reduction in cellulase production which may be achieved by better bioprocesses and genetic improvement of cellulase producers to yield more of the enzyme. The review discusses the current knowledge on cellulase production by microorganisms and the genetic controls exercised on it. It discusses the industrial applications of cellulases and the challenges in cellulase research especially in the direction of improving the process economics of enzyme production.
Page(s): 832-844
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Source:JSIR Vol.64(11) [November 2005]

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