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IJEB Vol.45(11) [November 2007] >

Title: Free radical induced damages to rat liver subcellular organelles: Inhibition by Andrographis paniculata extract
Authors: Tripathi, Rakshamani
Kamat, J P
Keywords: Antioxidant
Andrographis paniculata
Herbal extract
Membrane damage
ROS scavenging
Issue Date: Nov-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Aqueous extract of Andrographis paniculata was examined for antioxidant activity using rat liver subcellular organelles as model systems. The study deals with two important biological oxidative agents, ascorbate-Fe+2 and AAPH generating hydroxyl and peroxyl radical, respectively. Oxidative damage was examined against the inhibition of membrane peroxidation, protein oxidation and restoration in decreased SOD and catalase activity. The antimutagenic activity of Ap was examined following inhibition in AAPH induced strand breaks in plasmid pBR322 DNA. Extract was a potent scavenger of DPPH, ABTS radicals, exemplified by ESR signals, O-.2, .OH and H2O2, displayed excellent reducing power, FRAP potentials to reduce Fe (III) —> Fe (II) and had considerable amount of phenolics/ flavonoids contents, an effective antioxidant index. The observed antioxidant effect might be primarily due to its high scavenging ability for ROS. Effect was confirmed ex vivo following inhibition in peroxidation, restoration in SOD enzyme, SOD band intensity and protein degradation in Ap fed liver homogenate. Based on these results, it was concluded that the aqueous extract of Andrographis paniculata might emerge as a potent antiradical agent against various pathophysiological oxidants.
Page(s): 959-967
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.45(11) [November 2007]

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