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Title: Handling of ferric iron by branchial and intestinal epithelia of climbing perch (Anabas testudineus Bloch)
Authors: Peter, M C S
Rejitha, V
Dilip, D G
Keywords: Anabas testudineus;Ferric iron;Fish;Na+;K+-ATPase;Perch;Gill;Intestine
Issue Date: Oct-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: With a view to test how the branchial and intestinal tissues of fish, the two sites of metal acquisition, utilize the water-borne ferric [Fe(III)] iron and whether the accumulation of this form of iron influences cellular Na/K gradient in these tissues, the gills and intestines of climbing perch adapted to freshwater (FW) and acclimated to dilute seawater (20 ppt; SW) were analyzed for ouabain-sensitive Na+, K+-ATPase activity, Fe and electrolyte contents after loading a low (8.95 µM) or high dose (89.5 µM) of Fe(III) iron in the water. The SW gills showed higher levels of total Fe after treating with 8.95 µM of Fe(III) iron which was not seen in the FW gills. Na+, K+-ATPase activity, reflecting Na/K pump activity, showed an increase in the FW gills and not in the SW gills. Substantial increase in the branchial Na and K content was observed in the SW gills, but the FW gills failed to show such effects after Fe(III) loading. The total Fe content was declined in the FW intestine but not in the SW intestine. Water-borne Fe(III) iron decreased the activity of Na+, K+-ATPase in the SW intestine while not changing its activity in the FW intestine. The Na and K content in the FW intestine did not respond to Fe(III) iron exposure but showed a reduction in its Na levels in the SW intestine. The moisture content in the gills and intestines of both the FW and SW perch remained unaffected after Fe(III) loading. In FW fish, the plasma Na levels were decreased by a low dose of Fe(III) iron, though a high dose of Fe(III) iron was required in the SW fish for such an effect. Overall, the results for the first time provide evidence that gills act as a major site for Fe(III) iron absorption and accumulation during salinity acclimation which depends on a high cellular Na/K gradient.
Page(s): 896-900
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.45(10) [October 2007]

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