Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Characterization of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes unraveled by molecular markers considering heat stress
Authors: Vasantrao, Jagadale Mahesh
Pankaj, Y K
Kumar, Rajeev
Keywords: Wheat genotypes;Polymorphism information content;Grain filling duration;Thousand grain weight;Coefficients of variation
Issue Date: Jul-2019
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The current study focuses and emphasis on the potential of heat stress to negatively affect crop physiology. Here, we have screened 19 wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes for their tolerance of heat stress. Significant differences were observed among the genotypes for all the traits under consideration. Exploitable extent of genetic variability amongst the entries was present as revealed by considerably higher estimates of mean percentage. On the basis of heat susceptibility index genotypes, Halna, Mon’s Ald’s, Cuo/79/Prulla and K 307 were identified as heat-tolerant whereas SAWSN 3041, SAWSN 3101 and K 0583 were identified as heat-susceptible. Seventeen wheat microsatellite markers were capable of detecting 89 alleles with an average of 4.6 alleles per locus. Polymorphism information content (PIC) value ranged from 0.16 for the primer XGWM 516 to 0.83 for DUPW 117 with an average of 0.60. A perusal of similarity coefficients clearly reflected that a very high degree of similarity exists between wheat variety Mon’s Ald’s and SAWSN 3101 (0.70). On the other hand, the two most distantly related cultivars were found to be AKAW 4008 and PBW 343 (0.034). Marker BARC 4, BARC 170, BARC 311, PSP 3058, WHE014. H04 and GWM 458 were strongly associated with the heat tolerance for traits TGW and BARC 311 were strongly associated with terminal heat tolerance for number of grains/plant, respectively. Considering all the parameters it is adjudged that relatively stable genotypes may be evaluated at various agro-climatic regions for grain yield and heat tolerance along with other contributing characters and ideal plant type.
Page(s): 204-213
ISSN: 0975-0967 (Online); 0972-5849 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBT Vol.18(3) [July 2019]

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
IJBT 18(3) 204-213.pdf341.41 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in NOPR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.