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JSIR Vol.68(08) [August 2009] >


Title: Evaluation of selected biomass for charcoal production
Authors: Sugumaran, P
Seshadri, S
Keywords: Biomass
Carbonization
Calorific value
Charcoal
Pyrolysis
Issue Date: Aug-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Casuarina equisetifolia L. and Lantana camara L. leaf litter, sugarcane bagasse and empty oil palm fruit bunch (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) were converted into charcoal using carbonization process. An increase in temperature from 200°C to 400°C decreased charcoal yield gradually in all samples. Energy content in fresh biomass was lower than pyrolysed charcoal.Calorific value of fresh biomass and pyrolysed charcoal, respectively, was maximum in C. equisetifolia L. leaf litter (18.48 MJ/kg and 29.89 MJ/kg) and minimum in oil palm fruit bunch (16.96MJ/kg & 18.46MJ/kg).
Page(s): 719-723
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Source:JSIR Vol.68(08) [August 2009]

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