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Title: Contribution of EDRF and EDHF to restoration of endothelial function following dietary restrictions in hypercholesterolemic rats
Authors: Ashraf, M. Zahid
Reddy, Maram K.
Hussain, M. Ejaz
Podrez, Eugene A
Fahim, Mohammad
Keywords: 5-Hydroxytryptamine;Hypercholesterolemia;Phenylephrine;Rat;Serotonin
Issue Date: Jun-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The mechanisms underlying the impairment of endothelium-mediated vasorelaxation induced by dietary hypercholesterolemia and the mechanisms of restoration of endothelial function following reintroduction of low cholesterol diet were evaluated. Feeding rats with high cholesterol diet induced hypercholesterolemia and high blood pressure. This was associated with reduced vasorelaxation in response to acetylcholine, isoproterenol, and adenosine. At the same time, exaggerated contractile responses to serotonin and phenylephrine were observed. Reintroduction of a normal diet to cholesterol fed rats resulted in significant normalization of blood pressure, serum lipid profile, relaxation and contractile responses. The contributions of endothelial derived relaxing factors (EDRF), endothelial derived contractile factors (EDCFs)/prostanoids, and endothelial derived hyperpoalrising factor (EDHF) to the vasorelaxation in each group of animals were assessed. EDCFs constricting activity was increased in both cholesterol fed groups as compared to the control group. EDRF and EDHF were found to be the primary factors involved in the regulation of endothelium-mediated responsiveness. In control animals, EDRF was responsible for 70-90% of relaxation, depending on the agonist used. In cholesterol fed animals, EDRF was significantly reduced while EDHF was maintained or enhanced showing that EDHF had a significant role in maintaining the endothelial responses. Importantly, the restoration of vasorelaxation following reintroduction of normal diet was mediated not only by improvement of EDRF-dependent relaxation, but also to a significant extent by a further increase in EDHF-mediated relaxation. Taken together, the data showed that EDRF was attenuated during hypercholesterolemia and dietary interventions with low fat content restored these responses. However, EDHF-mediated responses were not reduced by hypercholesterolemia and subsequently improved their function after application of low cholesterol diet. The results implicate EDHF-mediated relaxation is also an important mechanism for restoration of endothelial function upon application of dietary restrictions for reduction of serum cholesterol level.
Page(s): 505-514
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.45(06) [June 2007]

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