Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/52704
Title: Moisture management finish on woven fabrics
Authors: Krithika, S M Udaya
Sampath, M B
Prakash, C
Kumar, M Senthil
Keywords: Cotton;Ethoxylated alcohol;Microdenier polyester;Moisture management finish;Nylon;Polyester;Water absorbency;Wicking;Woven fabrics
Issue Date: Dec-2019
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Moisture management behaviour of four different woven fabrics, such as cotton, polyester/cotton blend, microdenier polyester and nylon, has been studied. A wetting agent of ethoxylated alcohol blend and moisture management finishing agents, such as amino silicone polyether copolymer and hydrophilic polymer, have been prepared and used. Moisture management finishes with wetting agent and without wetting agent are imparted onto woven fabrics. The effect of moisture management finishing process parameters on the comfort properties of woven fabrics has been studied. The optimization of comfort level by varying the moisture management finishing process parameters in order to achieve suitability for making sports wear is done. It is found that the type of fibre and linear density of yarn affect the comfort properties of woven fabrics which include wicking, wetting, water absorbency and moisture vapour transmission characteristics. Based on the test results, microdenier polyester fabrics and cotton fabrics exhibit good wicking, wetting and water absorbency characteristics than the polyester/cotton blend and nylon. It is found that the combination of ethoxylated alcohol (wetting agent) and the recipe containing amino silicone polyether copolymer and hydrophilic polymer in the ratio of 1:2 with pH of 5.5 at 600-700 C temperature is the optimum finishing process than the other two combinations so as to attain better comfort properties for sportswear.
Page(s): 486-491
URI: http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/52704
ISSN: 0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJFTR Vol.44(4) [December 2019]

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