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Title: Detection of pathogenic leptospires in animals by PCR based on lipL21 and lipL32 genes
Authors: Cheema, P S
Srivastava, S K
Amutha, R
Singh, S
Singh, H
Sandey, M
Keywords: Leptospira
Outer membrane proteins
Polymerase chain reaction
Issue Date: Jun-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Efficacy of primers capable of amplifying conserved outer membrane protein (OMP) genes i.e., lipL21 and lipL32 of Leptospira strains was tested for rapid and early diagnosis of the leptospirosis using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR). These OMP genes were found to be conserved in various leptospiral serovars viz., Canicola, Pomona, Icterohaemorrhagiae, Pyrogenes, Sejroe, Grippotyphosa, Ballum and Tarassovi as PCR products of 561 bp and 756 bp were obtained by PCR employing lipL21 and lipL32 based primers, respectively, in all these serovars. Absence of such amplicons in DNA extracted from Pasteurella, Campylobacter and Brucella confirmed the specificity of the primers. Serum and tissue samples collected from cattle, buffaloes and experimentally infected guinea pigs and calves were subjected to PCR using above primers as well as conventionally used primers G1/G2. All the sera and tissue samples, whether field samples or collected from experimentally infected animals, found positive for G1/G2 specific PCR were also positive for lipL21 and lipL32 specific PCR. The present study indicated that lipL21 and lipL32 based primers could be used for PCR based diagnosis of leptospirosis. Since G1/G2 primers are known not to amplify the DNA of Grippotyphosa, the use of primers employed in the present study could have an additional advantage in detection of cases of the disease.
Description: 568-573
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.45(06) [June 2007]

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