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IJEB Vol.45(03) [March 2007] >

Title: Osmotic adjustment increases water uptake, remobilization of assimilates and maintains photosynthesis in chickpea under drought
Authors: Basu, P S
Ali, Masood
Chaturvedi, S K
Keywords: Cicer arietinum
Water stress
Leaf water potential
Relative water content
Sucrose-phosphate synthase
Issue Date: Mar-2007
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Eight chickpea advanced breeding lines (ABLs) and their parents were evaluated for osmotic adjustment (OA), leaf carbohydrates and gas exchange under dryland field . These (ABLs) were derived from crosses between CTS 60543 ´ Kaniva and Tyson ´ Kaniva. Mean leaf water potential (LWP) fell down from –1.00 MPa at pre-stress level to about –2.25 MPa during terminal stress. Relative water content (RWC) showed periodic changes with alternate decrease or increase at certain interval, which also influenced the values of OA (low or high) in number of genotypes e.g. Kaniva, CTS 60543, Tyson and M 75. Significant variation in OA ranging 0.45 to 0.88 MPa was observed at high level of stress at –2.5 MPa. However, none of the genotypes showed stability of OA over the period of stress. Leaf starch declined even at mild stress (LWP,-1.6 MPa) resulting in an increase in hexose sugars and activation state of sucrose-phosphate synthase (SPS) that led to accumulation of sucrose. Both photosynthesis (Pmax) and transpiration decreased concurrently in two chickpea lines M 129 and Tyson with increasing water stress. However, rate of decline in the photosynthesis slowed down even drought was further intensified. The observed periodic changes in OA, RWC and photosynthesis appeared to be associated with drought-induced changes in SPS and carbohydrates which modify water uptake of the leaves.
Page(s): 261-267
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.45(03) [March 2007]

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