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|Title:||Rheological and flow properties of blood investigated by ultrasound|
|Keywords:||Blood;Flow properties;Rheological properties;Ultrasound|
|Abstract:||Ultrasonic waves of 1-15 MHz frequencies easily propagate through soft biological tissues, thus providing qualitative and quantitative information on mechanical and flow properties of blood and red blood cell (RBC) suspensions. Two types of techniques allow to investigate blood behaviors: echographic devices via amplitude detection and Doppler effect based devices via frequency detection of the ultrasonic signal. When ever B mode serves to construct images of tissue slabs from the ultrasonic backscattering coefficient and can give qualitative information on the mechanical properties of blood, A-mode allows to quantify the ultrasonic backscattering coefficient. Ultrasonic Doppler modes also provide both qualitative and quantitative information on blood flow velocity: continuous and pulsed Doppler modes provide curves of blood flow versus time when color Doppler and power Doppler imaging visualize blood flowing in human vessels. Association of echographic and Doppler modes to investigate simultaneously structure and velocity of blood is commercially available. Some examples of results given by such ultrasonic techniques that contribute to characterize, both in vitro and in vivo, structure and flow properties of blood or red blood cell (RBC) suspensions are presented.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.45(01) [January 2007]|
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