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Title: Impact of torrential rain on coastal ecosystem at kalpakkam, southeast coast of India
Authors: Mohanty, A.K.
Achary, M. S.
Sahu, Gouri
Padhi, R.K.
Samantara, M.K.
Satpathy, K.K.
Keywords: Coastal waters;Plankton;Rainfall;Epibiosis;Bay of Bengal
Issue Date: Oct-2019
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The present study focuses on the drastic changes observed in the coastal ecosystem at Kalpakkam during flooding event due to huge rainfall that occurred in and around northern Tamil Nadu during December 2015. A significant increase in hydrological parameters (nitrate, phosphate, silicate, total nitrogen and phosphorous) was recorded as compared to previous years (2006-2014). In the present instance, the coastal water salinity which was about 19 psu was the lowest as compared to the data available since 1979. The phytoplankton population density was severely affected by the runoff. The present observed density 1.4 x 104 cells l-1 was the lowest among the available data at this coast. Availability of green algae species in the coastal waters was significantly high (10 species, 17 % of total species) as compared to previous reports. One of the most interesting features of this study was the observation of epibiosis on zooplankton in massive numbers. A comparison of previous occurrences of epibiotic relationship in plankton community with the present observation showed a staggering increase in epibiosis to 38 % of zooplankton species as compared to 5-13 % during 2008-2014.
Page(s): 1609-1615
ISSN: 0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJMS Vol.48(10) [October 2019]

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