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Title:  Medicinal plants for the treatment of fever (Jvaracikitsā) in the Mâdhavacikitsâ tradition of India
Authors: Mishra, DN
Keywords: Traditional knowledge;Ayurveda;Medicinal plants;Jvaracikitsâ;Mâdhavacikitsā
Issue Date: Jul-2009
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A61K36/00, A61P29/00, A61P31/00, A61P31/04
Abstract:  The traditional knowledge of healing plants and their treatment methods are rooted in the Âyurvedic compendia (Sanskrit medical treaties) and in the unscripted dialects of the people in India. Scientific documentation of this vast information has been accelerated in the last few decades. Absolute correlation and correct taxonomic identification of the referred medicinal plants in the Sanskrit medical texts or of the spoken dialects have not been fully established. A first time study of the medicinal plants used for the treatment of fever (Jvaracikitsā) in Mādhavacikitsā text, one of the most important post Caraka-Suśruta Samhitās reveals that there are a total of 182 vernacular (Sanskrit) plant names in the text for the treatment of all major types of fever. These 182 plant names are actually of 105 medicinal plant species. These 105 plant species belong to 53 families; out of which a maximum of 10 species are from family Fabaceae, 6 from Asteraceae and 5 each from Verbenaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Poaceae. The literature search encountered several plants having one vernacular name with different botanical identifications and also a botanical identification has many vernacular names. The ambiguity is perhaps due to the regional interpolations and linguistic interpretations about the Sanskrit names and also possibly because of non-availability of any suitable ancient taxonomic or pharmacognostical record for the correct identification of these vernacular plant names.
Page(s): 352-361
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.08(3) [July 2009]

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