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Title: Characteristics of butt welding imperfections joint using co-occurrence matrix
Authors: Shah, H.N.M.
Kamis, Z.
Sulaiman, M.
Rashid, M.Z.A.
Aras, M.S.M.
Ahmad, A.
Keywords: Co-occurrence Matrix;Butt joint;Imperfections welding
Issue Date: Jul-2019
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to study the characteristics of the butt joint imperfections with different types of joint shapes (curve, straight and tooth saw work piece) according to their class categories (good welds, excess welds, insufficient welds and no welds). The work piece is placed in a center position on the workbench. The distance between camera and workpiece is set as 300 mm during welding imperfections process and the entire work piece image is taken from the same distance to maintain the accuracy. The input feature vector is determined by feature co-occurrence matrix consisting of energy, correlation, homogeneity and contrast both no scaled and scaled by 0.5. Results show that no welds class categories exhibit higher homogeneity compared to the other class categories. This is because the homogeneity value depends on bright and dark parts of a certain size and also include some changes from dark to bright. Meanwhile, insufficient welds class categories produced larger contrast value, but good weld class categories recorded higher contrast value.
Page(s): 1164-1169
ISSN: 0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJMS Vol.48(07) [July 2019]

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