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|Title:||Spatial and temporal variation of north-west pacific tropical cyclone under the background of upper ocean warming|
|Keywords:||North-west pacific;Tropical cyclone;Thermal state of upper Ocean;Global warming|
|Abstract:||Under the background of global warming, the activities of north-west pacific (NWP) tropical cyclones (TCs) are undergoing significant changes. The TC frequencies have been characterized by an initial slow increase followed by a rapid increase and then a decrease, the past 33 years. During the 21st century, the TC frequency of the NWP has clearly decreased. However, the three TC origin types in the NWP have experienced different types of changes. The TC frequencies of origin 1 (10°~22°N,110°~120°E) and origin 2 (8°~20°N,125°~145°E) are both increasing, but the TC frequency of origin 3 (5°~20°N,145°~155°E) is decreasing. Under the background of upper ocean warming, the average TC duration has shown a decreasing trend (-0.27d/10a), while the TC mean and maximum intensity has increased (0.93 m/s/10a and 1.57 m/s/10a, respectively). Therefore, the potential threats of TC activities to NWP coastal countries are likely to intensify. The changes in the thermal state of the upper ocean have many effects on TC activities. Sea surface temperature is not the main factor affecting the frequency of TCs. However, the response of TCs to the upper ocean heat content is obvious.|
|ISSN:||0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJMS Vol.48(06) [June 2019]|
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