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|Title:||Removal of fluoride from drinking water using a modified fly ash adsorbent|
Das, Arabinda K
Modified fly ash bed
|Abstract:||Fly ash from a coal-fired power station was chemically modified and utilized for the removal of fluoride from drinking water. Two types of beds were used. Bed I was prepared by treatment with 12<i style="">M</i> HCl followed by neutralization with 5<i style="">M</i> NaOH solution. The reaction mass was filtered, washed, dried, and crushed to fine powder. Bed I material was mixed with alum and MgCl<sub>2</sub> solutions and treated with 0.9<i style="">M</i> Na<sub>2</sub>CO<sub>3</sub> until pH reached to 4.5. Mass was again filtered, washed, dried at 120°C for 4 h and crushed to fine powder. This bed material is Bed II, which was used for defluoridation. Bed I was used to maintain pH (7.5-8.5) of the final effluent. Fluoride (100 ppm) present in both synthetic mixtures and drinking water samples was allowed to pass through Bed II (15 g) absorbent and effluents were found to contain no fluoride but pH of the effluent was 5.4-5.5. To maintain WHO guidelines for drinking water on pH, this effluent was again passed through Bed I. The effectiveness of the modified fly ash bed was satisfactory.|
|ISSN:||0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||JSIR Vol.65(01) [January 2006]|
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