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Title: Limitations of Existing IPR Legislations in Managing Emerging Environmental Issues
Authors: Aher, Satish Bhagwatrao
Lakaria, Brij Lal
Yadav, Balram Singh
Keywords: IP limitations;Environmental issues;Sustainable development;Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs);Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT);Persistent organic pollutant;United States Environmental Protection Agency
Issue Date: Nov-2018
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Along with numerous mandatory conditions, current IPR legislations defined the criteria for granting right of intellectual property including the criteria of environmentally sound or damage proof invention (u/s 3(b), 3(c) and 3(j) of Indian Patent Act, 1970) to the pioneer. But the criteria of environmental wellbeing is being frequently overlooked considering novelty, non-obviousness and usefulness of the inventions with respect to the socio-economic benefits by the competent authority meant for granting the approval. There are incidences where rights were granted to the intellectual property (IP) in the form of patents, trade secrets etc. which created significant socio-economic improvement but caused irreversible environmental damages. The weak description of environmental protection criteria in patent granting process is the biggest limitation of the present IPR legislations. Inventions for environmental protection, inventions without or minimum destruction and inventions for sound environmental management is the urgent need of present world. The various environmental laws are secondary enforcement, while the intellectual property laws could be first enforcement to avoid the effect of inventions having potential to cause significant threat to the environment. On this ground, it can be concluded that, the provisions under present IPR legislations are inadequate to overcome the forthcoming environmental issues arising from inventions escaped from environmental criteria for granting IP approval. Thus, incorporation of stringent criteria regarding environmental protection, conservation and management in the present IPR legislations for granting intellectual property rights to the pioneer is needed for sustainable development of mankind.
Page(s): 270-272
ISSN: 0975-1076 (Online); 0971-7544 (Print)
Appears in Collections:JIPR Vol.23(6) [November 2018]

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