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|Title:||Phytophthora nicotianae Breda de Haan induced stress changes in citrus rootstock genotypes|
|Keywords:||β-1,3-Glucanase;Biotic Stress;Fungal;Grambhiri;Italian rough lemon;Leaf nutrients;Reactive oxygen species;Rough lemon;Rangpur lime;Sour orange;Troyer citrange|
|Abstract:||Phytophthora spp. are the most serious threat to citrus industry worldwide. Being a soil borne problem, use of tolerant rootstocks is the most ecofriendly approach to manage the deadly diseases caused by this fungus. Here, we assessed the reaction of eight citrus rootstock genotypes including sour orange, Troyer citrange and six variants of C. jambhiri Lush. viz., RLC-5, RLC-6, RLC-7, Grambiri, rough lemon and Italian rough lemon against the inoculation of Phytophthora nicotianae. Inoculation of P. nicotianae infected the feeder roots of tested rootstocks to varying degree, expressing higher disease incidence (81.25%) and number of infected feeder roots (54.25-60.62%) depending on the rootstock. Troyer citrange and sour orange proved most tolerant rootstocks against the inoculated fungus. Phytophthora inoculation tended to increase the levels of reactive oxygen species (H2O2 and O2-), antioxidant enzymes (catalase, peroxidase, glutathione reductase, superoxide dismutase and β-1,3-glucanase) and protein content. However, it significantly reduced the levels of macro- (N, P, K Ca and Mg) and micro- (Cu and Zn) nutrients, although the extent of variation was rootstock specific. Overall, Troyer citrange and sour orange expressed the lowest variation in the levels of ROS, peroxidase (POX), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and β-1,3-glucanase, protein and nutrient contents, while rough lemon proved most strongly affected. Of the various variants of Citrus jambhiri, RLC-5 and Italian rough lemon proved more tolerant for Phytophthora nicotianae than rest of the clones tested.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.57(04) [April 2019]|
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