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Title: Temperature of maximum density of aqueous solutions of aliphatic amines
Authors: Kaulgud, M V
Bhagde, V
Mate, V K
Issue Date: Nov-1989
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Temperature of maximum density (TMDs) in water at low concentrations for the seven amines: rnethyl-, ethyl-, n-propyl-, n-butyl-, t-butyl-, dimethyl-, and trimethyl amines have been measured and analyzed by applying hydrolysis correction to evaluate the structural part of the change in TMD (θstr) for the unhydrolysed amine molecules. A correction procedure is described for which additional experimental data on TMDs of corresponding amine hydrochlorides have been obtained. The results of amines studied in this work do not fit in the conventional straight line relation (θstr/x2) = a + bx2, which is obeyed by other non-electrolytes, like alcohols, which show positive intercepts (a) and negative slopes (b). The slopes of such plots for arnines are positive at low concentrations and negative at higher concentrations showing a broad maxima in between. The intercepts a which indicate the structure strengthening property of the solute are large negative for MeNH2 and EtNH2, slightly negative for n- PrNH2, and positive for the rest of the amines. Comparison of a values of alcohols and amines indicate the difference in the amine-water and alcohol-water interactions.
Page(s): 942-945
ISSN: 0975-0975(Online); 0376-4710(Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.28A(11) [November 1989]

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