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Title: Antioxidant effect of ethanolic extract of <i style="">Piper betle</i> Linn. (Paan) on erythrocytes from patients with HbE-beta thalassemia
Authors: Srimani, Phalguni
Mandal, Goutam
Ganguly, Sudipto
Saha, Piu
Sen, Rupashree
De, Rajib
Chatterjee, Arnab
Bhattacharyya, Maitrayee
Chaudhuri, Utpal
Bandyopadhyay, Susanta K
Chatterjee, Mitali
Keywords: HbE beta thalassemia
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)
<i style="">Piper betle</i> Linn
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: HbE-beta thalassemia is caused by an interaction between HbE and defective b globin gene of thalassemia. Repeated blood transfusions cause an iron overload, triggering an enhanced generation of free radicals. In the present study, the anti-oxidant property of ethanolic extract of the leaves of <i style="">Piper betle</i> Linn. (PB) was evaluated in the erythrocytes from patients with HbE-beta thalassemia. In patients with HbE-beta thalassemia (n = 30) and age- and sex-matched healthy individuals (n = 30), the baseline level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and free radical scavenging activity in the erythrocytes was measured by flow cytometry using dihydrodichlorofluorescein diacetate (H<sub>2</sub>DCFDA), in terms of the geometric mean fluorescence channel (GMFC). The baseline generation of ROS was significantly higher in the erythrocytes from patients with HbE-beta thalassemia, as compared to healthy volunteers, the GMFC being 67.20 ± 4.64 vs. 23.03 ± 1.88 (p<0.001), which was effectively decreased by PB. Similarly, H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> (0.5-1.0 mM) induced a higher increase in the GMFC in the erythrocytes from patients with HbE-beta thalassemia, as compared to controls which was effectively reduced by PB. Taken together, PB showed promising anti-oxidant activity against the erythrocytes from patients with HbE-beta thalassemia.
Description: 241-246
ISSN: 0975-0959 (Online); 0301-1208 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBB Vol.46(3) [June 2009]

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