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Title: Effect of Phyllanthus niruri Linn. treatment on liver, kidney and testes in CCl4 induced hepatotoxic rats
Authors: Manjrekar, A P
Jisha, V
Bag, P P
Adhikary, B
Pai, M M
Hegde, A
Nandini, M
Keywords: CCl4
Oxidative stress
Phyllanthus niruri
Issue Date: Jul-2008
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Phyllanthus niruri extract is extensively used in treating liver ailments. Effects of aqueous extract of P. niruri on liver, kidney and testes of CCl4 induced hepatotoxic rats were studied. High levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) were observed in the CCl4 test group with significant reduction of MDA levels in all groups on P. niruri extract administration. Highest levels of glutathione (GSH) were found in P. niruri group. Activities of alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase enzymes were significantly reduced in the curative group (P. niruri treatment after CCl4 injection). Histopathology of liver showed lesser degree of inflammation in all P. niruri treated groups while the renal and seminiferous tubules showed eosinophilic protein casts with signs of tubular damage and degeneration. Testes also showed decreased amount of mature spermatozoa. The results suggest that P. niruri has anti-oxidant and hepato-protective activity with associated deleterious effects on kidney and testes.
Page(s): 514-520
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Source:IJEB Vol.46(07) [July 2008]

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