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Title: Environmental Issues in Biomedical Waste (BMW) Autoclave Industry
Authors: Pant, Deepak
Keywords: Complexation Based Penetration;Biomedical Waste;Autoclaves;Water Pollution;Heavy Metal
Issue Date: Nov-2018
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Biomedical waste autoclaves are the integral part of every hospital waste management industry and management of resultant waste water is a challenge towards management. Per hospital bed water requirement for BMW autoclave is 0.120 litre/ day and comparison with population statistic (existing status of hospital bed in terms of population) annual water demand for BMW autoclave in India and world is found to be 30.7 and 219 million litres; respectively. Current research highlights heavy metal pollution from BMW autoclaves to groundwater. Many heavy metals like Fe; Cd; Cr; Cu; Ni; Mn; Pb; Zn and Co were detected in conventionally processed BMW water upto a concentration of 54 ppm. Migration of heavy metals in ground water from autoclaves can be estimated by a complexation based penetration mechanism depended on soil pH. Lower pH was favourable for the leaching of trivalent ion (like Fe; Cr ,Co), while divalent ions were more leached under increasing pH.
Page(s): 661-663
ISSN: 0975-1084 (Online); 0022-4456 (Print)
Appears in Collections:JSIR Vol.77(11) [November 2018]

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