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Title: Phytochemical and antioxidant evaluation of Urginea indica Kunth.
Authors: Mahato, Dipa
Sahu, Abhishek Prasad
Sharma, HP
Keywords: Methanolic extract;Secondary metabolites;Antioxidant activity;Phytomedicine;Gallic acid
Issue Date: Oct-2018
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: C09K 15/00, A61K 36/00, A61K 39/395, A61K 48/00, C07, C08, C23C, C11C, C10G
Abstract: Urginea indica Kunth. is a rare, threatened and endangered medicinal plant that belongs to Liliaceae family and commonly known as Jangli Pyaz. In the present study, phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of the methanolic extract of Urginea indica bulbs was carried out. The secondary metabolites produced by this medicinal plant are reported to have therapeutic values. The secondary metabolites like phenol, flavonoid, tannin, saponin and alkaloid have been analyzed qualitatively as well as quantitatively in this species. The quantitative estimation has revealed the highest concentration of tannins (130.10 mg of GAE/g) in methanolic extract of Urginea indica bulb, whereas alkaloids (17.80 mg/g of dry plant sample), flavonoid (13.66 mg of QE/g), phenol (6.27 mg of GAE/g) and saponin (4.00 mg/g of dry plant sample) were found to be in good quantity. Considering the importance of natural products in modern phytomedicine, the antioxidant activity of Urginea indica extract was evaluated. The methanolic extract showed antioxidant activity by DPPH assay (IC50 = 51.87 µg/mL) comparable to gallic acid (IC50 = 39.91 µg/mL). Such an effect might contribute to explaining the traditional use of wild onion sps, Urginea indica in the treatment of various chronic diseases.
Page(s): 783-788
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.17(4) [October 2018]

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