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Title: Enhancement of cotton hydrophobicity through modified styrene admicellar polymerization
Authors: Ulman, Khushalini Nitin
Shukla, Sanjeev Ramchandra
Keywords: Admicellar polymerization;Contact angle;Cotton hydrophobicity;Polystyrene;Surfactants
Issue Date: Sep-2018
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: A novel modified admicellar polymerization (ADPM) technique has been proposed for achieving hydrophobicity on cotton fabrics by synthesizing an ultrathin layer of polystyrene on them. The effect of ethanol and methanol on styrene ADPM has been investigated and polymerization time is halved by using methanol at a concentration as low as 0.3 M. Evaluation of the hydrophobic effect is performed through drop tests, contact angle measurements and durability tests. Contact angle of water is as high as ~ 130° and water droplets are repelled for more than 30 min. ADPM delivers hydrophobicity which is comparable with commercially available water repellents based on stearic acid melamine resins. Characterization through SEM confirms the formation of ultrathin layers of polystyrene on cotton. Thus, the findings successfully exhibit a modified ADPM process as a potential water repellent finish affording conservation of time and chemicals.
Page(s): 336-343
ISSN: 0975-1025 (Online); 0971-0426 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJFTR Vol.43(3) [September 2018]

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