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|Title:||Nimodipine is more effective than nifedipine in attenuating morphine tolerance on chronic co-administration in the rat tail-flick test|
|Authors:||Ray, Subrata Basu|
|Keywords:||Ca<sup>2+</sup> channel blockers|
|Abstract:||Opioids, when co-administered with L-type calcium channel blockers (L-CCBs) show morphine like higher antinociceptive effect. This antinociceptive effect has been further investigated using a different experimental paradigm. The effect of two different L-CCBs (nifedipine and nimodipine) on morphine-induced antinociception was studied by the tail-flick test (40 min after morphine administration) in adult Wistar rats. A fixed-dose of nimodipine or nifedipine (2 mg/kg, once daily) was combined with a fixed dose of morphine (10 mg/kg, twice daily) for 10 days. Co-administration of L-CCBs significantly increased the antinociceptive effect of morphine, even 12 hr after administration. Also, nimodipine was more effective than nifedipine. Nimodipine was further studied using a higher and escalating doses of morphine (20 – 30 mg/kg twice daily for 14 days). Nimodipine increased the antinociceptive effect of morphine in the latter part of the study (days nine to fourteen) though significant difference was observed on 11<sup>th</sup> evening and 12<sup>th</sup> morning. No obvious adverse effects were observed in the present study. The results show for the first time that nimodipine is more effective than nifedipine and that these L-CCBs continue to be effective, even 12 hr after administration in the tail-flick test. <u></u>|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.46(04) [April 2008]|
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