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Title: Evaluation of whole blood IFNγ test using PPD and recombinant antigen challenge for diagnosis of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis
Authors: Kalantri, Yatiraj
Hemvani, Nanda
Chitnis, D S
Keywords: CFP-10
ESAT-6
Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis
IFNγ
Non-tubercular mycobacteria
PPD
TB
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Quantiferon TB gold (QFT-G) with recombinant antigen cocktail is well evaluated for diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). However, diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is more difficult due to limitations of conventional techniques. This study compares recombinant antigens based QFT-G and low cost PPD based interferon test for the diagnosis of PTB and EPTB. IFNγ release, with recombinant antigens and PPD, was assayed by ELISA from 140 cases of EPTB, 100 cases of PTB along with acid fast bacillus (AFB) detection, AFB culture on LJ and MGIT BACTEC. Sensitivity and specificity for QFT-G recombinant antigens was 84.29% and 96%, while for PPD based interferon was 70% and 84% for EPTB group. The sensitivity was far superior to AFB smear and culture for both the antigens. Nine samples were identified as non-tubercular mycobacteria (NTM) in the EPTB group and all were negative for QFT-G, but six of them were positive for PPD based test. Results of the study show that QFT-G using recombinant antigen is sensitive and specific for both PTB and EPTB diagnosis. The PPD based test is economic and offers comparable performance for PTB and EPTB diagnosis and also useful for diagnosis of NTM.
Page(s): 463-468
ISSN: 0019-5189
Source:IJEB Vol.47(06) [June 2009]

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