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|Title:||Settlement pattern of ascidians in harbour waters of Mumbai, west coast of India|
|Authors:||Swami, B. S.|
Chhapgar, B. F.
colonial and season
|Abstract:||The study was carried out in Mumbai (Bombay) harbour during 1995-96 by exposing perspex coupons at two study sites, namely South break waters and Tidal basin . Though the ascidian species, solitary or colonial, settle throughout the year, their prevalence however, varies considerably from month to month. As many as ten species of ascidians were recorded from the two sites. Out of these, seven species, namely <i style="">Symplegma reptans, Symplegma brakenbielmi, Symplegma viride, Diplosoma macdonaldi, Botrylloides magnicoecum, Botrylloides chevalense</i> and <i style="">Ecteinascidia</i> sp. are colonial ascidians and <i style="">Styela bicolor</i>, <i style="">Ascidia indica</i> and <i style="">Ascidia sydneiensis</i> are solitary forms. Of these, the species namely <i style="">A. sydneiensis</i> <i style="">B. magnicoecum</i>, <i>B. chevalense</i>, <i>S. viride</i>, <i>D. macdonaldi</i> and <i>A. indica</i> are reported for the first time from this region. Amongst these, <i>S. reptans</i>, <i>B. magnicoecum</i> and <i style="">A.</i><i style=""> sydneiensis</i> are of common occurrence. The species <i>S. reptans</i> and <i>A. sydneiensis</i> occurred throughout the year. During monsoon (June-September), the settlement of ascidians at cleaner south break waters is notably reduced, whereas, at tidal basin the colonies recorded were around 110/m<sup>2</sup>. At south break waters, during post-monsoon period, when water temperature reduced to 27°C and sea conditions are normal, the ascidians appeared in large number (max.1776/m<sup>2</sup>). During pre-monsoon period, though the population density varied, the species composition remained high at both the sites. The non-monsoon months of October to May is the favourable period for ascidian settlement in Mumbai harbour.|
|Appears in Collections:||IJMS Vol.31(3) [September 2002]|
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