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Title: Ethnomedicinal uses of exotic plant species in South-central Zimbabwe
Authors: Maroyi, Alfred
Keywords: Exotic plant species;Herbal medicine;Primary health;South-central Zimbabwe
Issue Date: Jan-2018
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A61K 36/00
Abstract: Herbal medicines are important for primary healthcare needs of both rural and urban communities in Zimbabwe, and among these therapies are those made from exotic plants. The aim of this study was to document ethnomedicinal uses of exotic plants in Shurugwi district, South-central Zimbabwe. Semi-structured interviews, personal observations and guided field walks were conducted between December 2014 and January 2015 with 128 participants comprising of community members (93.0 %, n = 119) and traditional healers (7.1 %, n = 9) from seven villages to obtain ethnobotanical data on medicinal uses of these plants. Data collected included local and scientific names of plants used, parts used, methods of herbal preparation and administration. A total of 26 exotic plants belonging to 15 families and 23 genera, mostly from Euphorbiaceae and Solanaceae (15.4 % each), Asteraceae (11.5 %), Apocynaceae and Myrtaceae (7.7 % each) were used to traditionally manage 21 human and four animal diseases. Majority of the plant species used (69.2 %) had one or two therapeutic uses while Bidens pilosa, Citrus lemon, Datura stramonium, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, Nicotiana tabacum, Psidium guajava and Schkuhria pinnata had at least three therapeutic uses each. This study revealed that exotic plants play an important role in provision of primary healthcare to local communities in South-central Zimbabwe.
Page(s): 71-77
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.17(1) [January 2018]

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