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Title: Kinetics of reaction of para-substituted β-nitrostyrenes and β -methyl- β-nitrostyrenes with n-butylamine
Authors: Shunmugasundaram, A
Thanulingam, T Lekshmana
Murugesan, R
Issue Date: Jul-1991
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The kinetics of addition of n-butylamine to β nitrostyrene and β -methyl- β-nitrostyrene and their para- substitutedderivatives in acetonitrile at four different temperatures have been followed spectrophotometrically. The order in [substrate] is unity and in [n-butylarnine] it is non-integral. On the basis of the observed kinetic data, a stepwise mechanism involving the formation of zwitterionic addition complex in an equilibrium step followed by conversion into the reaction product via proton transfer in catalytic route by the amine has been proposed. The study of effect of substituents in these reactions shows that the electron-withdrawing substituents accelerate the reaction and electron releasing substituents retard it. Good Hammett correlations have been observed in both the reaction series.
Page(s): 609-613
ISSN: 0975-0975(Online); 0376-4710(Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.30A(07) [July 1991]

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