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|Title:||Diffusion of Climate Friendly Technologies: Can Compulsory Licensing Help?|
|Keywords:||Compulsory licensing;climate change;international IPR regimes;WIPO Development Agenda;TRIPS|
|Abstract:||Countries often resort to compulsory licensing to promote diffusion of technologies, particularly when intellectual property rights (IPR) holder is considered to have abused its dominant position. However, use of this instrument is often difficult due to legal, political and operational problems. In this context, this paper reviews global regimes as well as national regimes in major jurisdictions, governing use of compulsory licensing. It also examines functional requirements and market conditions for compulsory licensing to work. Based on these, it concludes that the global IPR regime under the WTO needs a mechanism similar to that has been developed for pharmaceutical products, and a more flexible regime even in that, as most countries do not have domestic manufacturing capabilities, if compulsory licensing has to work for the diffusion of climate friendly technologies. However, even such a flexible mechanism may not be adequately effective due to highly concentrated market structure of these technologies, particularly in developing countries.|
|Appears in Collections:||JIPR Vol.14(3) [May 2009]|
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