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Title: Dietary ginger improves glucose dysregulation in a long-term high-fat high-fructose fed prediabetic rat model
Authors: Saravanan, Natarajan
Patil, Madhoosudhan Ananth
Kumar, Puthcha Uday
Suryanarayana, Palla
Reddy, Geereddy Bhanuprakash
Keywords: Diet;Glucose dysregulation;Hyperinsulinemia;Hyperglycemia;Hypertriglyceridemia;Insulin resistance;Metabolic syndrome;Type 2 diabetes;Zingiber officinale
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: The rapid increase in global diabetes burden with its associated morbidity and mortality is a major health concern for humans. Prediabetes is a condition which predispose a person not only to diabetes but also to the associated complications including morbidity even in the absence of an apparant hyperglycemia. However, appropriate dietary intervention may not only prevent but also improve one’s condition as diet is the major contributor to such metabolic disorders. Here, we investigated the effect of dietary ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) on the markers of insulin resistance and pathophysiology in a diet-induced prediabetic rat model. Male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were fed the following diets: control (5% groundnut oil + 65 % corn starch), high fat high fructose (HFHF; 25% beef tallow + 35 % fructose) and HFHF with 3 % ginger (HFHFG) for eight months. Plasma markers of insulin resistance, lipid profile, oral glucose tolerance (OGTT; 2nd and 5th month), intraperitoneal insulin tolerance (ITT), plasma total antioxidant capacity (TAC), liver histology and pancreatic immunohistochemistry (IHC) were examined. The impaired OGTT, ITT and insulin sensitivity indices with observed hyperinsulinemia and hypertriglyceridemia suggest that HFHF feeding resulted in prediabetes in rats. HFHF feeding also decreased insulin secretion in the pancreas, increased lipid accumulation in liver and total oxidants in plasma. The effects of HFHF feeding on glucose regulation, pathophysiology of pancreas and liver; total oxidative stress were improved by ginger feeding. The present study demonstrated thatlong-term HFHF feeding induces prediabetes in experimental rats while dietary ginger neutralizes the HFHF induced impairment in glucose regulation, dyslipidemia, and oxidative stress.
Page(s): 142-150
ISSN: 0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJEB Vol.55(03) [March 2017]

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