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Title: Transfer energetics of uracil, thymine, cytosine and adenine in aqueous mixtures of lithium chloride, sodium chloride and potassium chloride
Authors: Ganguly, Sonali
Kundu, Kiron K
Issue Date: Nov-1995
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Standard free energies ( G) and entropies ( S) of transfer of nucleic acid bases viz. uracil (URA), thymine (THY), cytosine (CYT) and adenine (ADE) from water to aqueous mixtures of lithium chloride, sodium chloride and potassium chloride have been evaluated from solubility measurements at different temperatures. The interaction effect of Gint, as guided by the combined effects of hydrophilic hydration (H1H) of hydrophilic parts and hydrophobic hydration (HbH) of hydrophobic parts of these bases in these ionic cosolvents relative to that in water, have been obtained by subtraction of the cavity effect G, cav (i) as computed by SPT formulations from the corresponding G values. The composition profiles of G and Gint indicate that each of the bases is found to be increasingly desolvated in these aqueous electrolytes save URA and THY at higher compositions of aqueous KCl, their order being KCI < NaCI < LiCI at any of the compositions, as expected from the primary solvation effect of the cations of the ionic cosolvents. The observed T Sand TS, int (i)-composition profiles are, however, found to be dictated by the relative 3D structure breaking effect as well as the relative H1HbH effect, induced by these ionic cosolvents. The observed increased desolvation of the bases reflect that the intramolecular H-bonds between the bases of the double strands of DNA/RNA helices are likely to get strengthened in these ionic cosolvent systems.
Page(s): 857-865
ISSN: 0975-0975(Online); 0376-4710(Print)
Appears in Collections:IJC-A Vol.34A(11) [November 1995]

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