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Title: Diversity and conservation of medicinal plants in Barak valley, Northeast India
Authors: Barbhuiya, A R
Sharma, G D
Arunachalam, A
Deb, S
Keywords: Medicinal plants;Riang;Kachari;Hmar;Rongmai Naga;Manipuri;Barak valley;Assam;Conservation
Issue Date: Apr-2009
Publisher: CSIR
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A01K, A01N3/00, A61K36/00, A61P1/04, A61P1/08, A61P1/10, A61P1/16, A61P9/14, A61P13/00, A61P27/02, A61P29/00
Abstract: Through an ethnobotanical survey of Barak-valley, about 150 naturally growing and frequently used medicinal plants were collected. Out of these collections, 24 plant species have been highly prioritised for conservation. Among these, population of Acorus calamus Linn., Aegle marmelos Linn., Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb., Costus speciosus (Koem.ex.Retz) Sm., Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth.ex Kurz., Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers., etc are reducing day-by-day due to over-exploitation for medicinal purposes, felling for timber, etc. and also due to inherent poor natural regeneration. During the exploration, emphasis was given on herbal treatment for everyday common ailments and diseases, particularly used by the local tribes of Barak-valley such as Riang, Kachari, Hmar, Rongmai Naga, and Manipuri and Teagarden community. The study gives an account on the diversity of medicinal plants and priority medicinal plants for conservation. The study also warrants an herbal policy to address public awareness, cultivation and conservation on a sustainable basis with in the environmental protection regime.
Page(s): 169-175
ISSN: 0972-5938
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.08(2) [April 2009]

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