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Title: Correlation of the long-term cosmic ray intensity variations with sunspot numbers and tilt angle
Authors: Gupta, Meera
Mishra, V K
Mishra, A P
Keywords: Cosmic ray intensity
sunspot numbers
tilt angle
Issue Date: Dec-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Based on the monthly data of sunspot numbers (SSN), tilt angle (TA) and cosmic ray intensity (CRI), a detailed correlative analysis has been performed to study the relationship of CRI (observed by the neutron monitor stations having different cut-off rigidity) with SSN and TA for the period 1976-2005, covering solar cycles 21, 22 and 23. It is an observed fact that SSN and TA are highly correlated with each other and cosmic ray intensity shows anti-correlation with them. The present analysis is found to support the earlier findings and holds good for solar cycles 21, 22 and current cycle 23. Further, the cross-correlation coefficients between CRI-SSN and between CRI-TA have been obtained considering the time-lag factor and it is found that time-lag is larger for odd solar cycles in comparison to even cycles. The odd-even behaviour in relation to time-lag is also evident from the hysteresis curve between CRI-SSN and between CRI-TA, where wider loops for odd solar cycles have been observed. Moreover, we find that correlation between CRI and SSN as well as between CRI and TA is better during negative polarity than the positive polarity of solar magnetic cycle. From the tilt angle observations, it has been noticed that the behaviour of cycle 23 in declining phase is different from that of cycle 21 and 22.
Description: 387-395
ISSN: 0367-8393
Appears in Collections:IJRSP Vol.35(6) [December 2006]

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