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Title: Decolorization and biodegradation of textile azo dye Acid Black 24 by developed bacterial consortium CN-1A
Authors: Nachiyar, C Valli
Ananth, P B
Sunkar, Swetha
Karunya, A
Jabasingh, S Anuradha
Keywords: Bacteria consortium CN-1A;Acid Black 24;Biodegradation;Decolorization kinetics;Phytotoxicity
Issue Date: Jul-2016
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Biological treatment of waste water seems to be a promising option for the treatment of dye containing effluent. A consortium of organisms proves to be more effective rather than individual organism in the process of degradation. The present investigation tries to develop a novel bacterial consortium CN-1A consisting of Moraxella osloensis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Citrobacter freundii, Bacillus sp. and Bacillus thuringiensis for the decolourization of Acid Black 24 (AB 24), a diazo dye used in textile industries. This consortium efficiently removed 84% of the 50 mg/L of dye from the mineral salt medium. The rate of decolorization was found to increase up to 20 h of incubation, after which there was a gradual decrease. The degradation reaction followed first order kinetics with a k value of 0.1796 h-1 with R2 value of 0.968. The FTIR and GC-MS analyses indicated aniline, naphthoquinone and salicylic acid as intermediate compounds in the dye degradation by developed consortium CN-1A. This consortium was found to be capable of bringing about 79.72% degradation of 80% diluted textile effluent containing 15 mg/L of AB 24. Phytotoxicity studies clearly indicated the efficiency of this treatment process, which may pave way for the reusability of dye containing effluent.
Page(s): 412-419
ISSN: 0975-0967 (Online); 0972-5849 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJBT Vol.15(3) [July 2016]

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