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Title: Shape of the rain drop size distributions and classification of rain type at Gadanki
Authors: Konwar, Mahen
Sarma, Diganta Kumar
Das, Jyotirmoy
Sharma, Sanjay
Keywords: Rain drop size distribution (RDSD)
Exponential DSD
Lognormal DSD
Gamma DSD
Convective rain
Stratiform rain
Issue Date: Oct-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Three different rain drop size distribution (RDSD) models namely exponential, lognormal and gamma distribution are fitted to RDSD as spectra observed from Joss-Waldvodgel Disdrometer (JWD) at Gadanki (13.8ºN, 79.18ºE). Gamma distribution shows overall good agreement with observed RDSD for all ranges of rainfall rate. Rainfall rate calculated from gamma drop size distribution is found to have minimum root mean square error and biasing compared to exponential or lognormal distribution. The intrinsic shape of RDSD is found out from normalized RDSD which follows an “S” shape for both low rain £ 10 mm h-1 and high rain > 10 mm h-1. The convective and stratiform rains are separated for an event. The equations of separation for convective and stratiform rains have been derived assuming power law for log10 (R) - Dm, log10 (N0*) - log10 (R) and log10 (N0*) - Dm. The coefficients and exponent for these equations are ⍺DR=0.145, ⍺RN=103, ⍺DN= 0.85x103.15 and βDR=4.70 , βRN=-0.15 , βDR=-0.94 respectively.
Description: 360-367
ISSN: 0367-8393
Appears in Collections:IJRSP Vol.35(5) [October 2006]

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