NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR)  >
NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS >
Research Journals >
Indian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT) >
IJBT Vol.08 [2009] >
IJBT Vol.08(2) [April 2009] >


Title: Biofilm: Importance and applications
Authors: Kokare, C R
Chakraborty, S
Khopade, A N
Mahadik, K R
Keywords: Biofilm
polymeric substance
hydrodynamics
probes
pathogenesis
Issue Date: Apr-2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: Biofilm is an assemblage of the microbial cells that is irreversibly associated with a surface and usually enclosed in a matrix of polysaccharide material. Biofilm is composed primarily of microbial cells and extracellular polymeric substance (EPS). Extracellular polymeric matrix plays various roles in structure and function of different biofilm communities. Adhesion to the surface provides considerable advantages such as protection against antimicrobial agents, acquisition of new genetic traits, and the nutrient availability and metabolic co-operability. Anthony van Leeuwenhoek, who discovered microbial attachment to his own tooth surface, is credited with the discovery of biofilm. The formation of biofilm takes place in three steps. Biofilm is responsible for chronic bacterial infection, infection on medical devices, deterioration of water quality and the contamination of food. This article provides an overview of the formation of biofilm, structure, role in microbial communities and its applications.
Page(s): 159-168
ISSN: 0972-5849
Source:IJBT Vol.08(2) [April 2009]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJBT 8(2) 159-168.pdf228.99 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 1524 
Recommend this item

 

National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  NISCAIR Website |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2012 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 593337 since 06-Feb-2009  Last updated on 18-Sep-2014Webmaster: nopr@niscair.res.in