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|Title:||Effects of some flavonoids on the susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein to oxidative modification|
low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
|Abstract:||The effects of six flavonoids viz., apigenin, genistein, morin, naringin, pelargonidin and quercetin on the susceptibility of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) to oxidative modification were investigated. Flavonoids were added to plasma and incubated for 3 hr at 37°C, and the LDL fraction was separated by ultracentrifugation. Oxidizability of LDL was estimated by measuring conjugated diene (CD), lipid peroxides and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS), after cupric sulfate solution was added. Quercetin and morin significantly (P<0.01 by ANOVA) prolonged the lag time before initiation of oxidation reaction in dose-dependent manner. They also suppressed the formation of lipid peroxides and TBARS more markedly than other flavonoids. The ability to prolong lag time and suppression of lipid peroxides and TBARS formation was in the following order: quercetin >morin >pelargonidin >genistein >naringin >apigenin. LDL exposed to flavonoids reduced oxidizability. These findings suggest that flavonoids may have a role in ameliorating atherosclerosis.|
|Appears in Collections:||IJBB Vol.40(5) [October 2003]|
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