NISCAIR Online Periodicals Repository

NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR)  >
NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS >
Research Journals >
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IJBB) >
IJBB Vol.41 [2004] >
IJBB Vol.41(1) [February 2004] >


Title: Evidence of free radical participation in N-glycolylneuraminic acid generation in liver of chicken treated with gallotannic acid
Authors: Mwangi, Danny W
Bansal, Devi D
Keywords: Gallotannic acid
N-glycolylneuraminic acid
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: Feb-2004
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: The occurrence of N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc) in cancerous tissue and inflammatory diseases, conditions associated with increased oxidative stress suggests the participation of reactive oxygen radicals in Neu5Gc generation, where an oxygen atom is transferred. To study this possibility, we treated two groups of domesticated birds and rabbits with different dosages of gallotannic acid (GTA), a compound known to cause generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The antioxidant status and leukocyte capacity, as well as amount and form of sialic acids were assessed in plasma and liver. Results showed that while lipid peroxides were increased, white blood cell (WBC) count was decreased significantly in all treated groups. The increased sialic acids and low protein contents were observed in plasma, possibly as a result of decreased sialic acid cycling crucial for formation of new glycoconjugates in tissues, caused by decreased protein synthesis due to microsomal degranulation. The activities of antioxidant enzymes were also decreased in treated groups, implying increased oxidative stress. The presence of Neu5Gc and apparent absence of Neu5Ac hydroxylase activity in liver of chicken treated with GTA indicate that free radicals might be involved in the non-enzymatic hydroxylation of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) to Neu5Gc in liver, which normally does not express this sialic acid.
Page(s): 20-28
ISSN: 0301-1208
Source:IJBB Vol.41(1) [February 2004]

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
IJBB 41(1) 20-28.pdf417.65 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
 Current Page Visits: 1128 
Recommend this item

 

National Knowledge Resources Consortium |  NISCAIR Website |  Contact us |  Feedback

Disclaimer: NISCAIR assumes no responsibility for the statements and opinions advanced by contributors. The editorial staff in its work of examining papers received for publication is helped, in an honorary capacity, by many distinguished engineers and scientists.

CC License Except where otherwise noted, the Articles on this site are licensed under Creative Commons License: CC Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India

Copyright © 2012 The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. All rights reserved.

Powered by DSpace Copyright © 2002-2007 MIT and Hewlett-Packard | Compliant to OAI-PMH V 2.0

Home Page Total Visits: 603347 since 06-Feb-2009  Last updated on 21-Oct-2014Webmaster: nopr@niscair.res.in