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|Title:||Patenting Lives—Life Patents, Culture and Development|
|Keywords:||Life forms;biotechnology;traditional knowledge;genetic resources,;genetically modified;non-governmental organization;biodiversity;misappropriation|
|Abstract:||While many have lauded the potential role of agricultural biotechnology in achieving food and agricultural security in the developing world, this enthusiasm has been tempered by concerns over access to that technology being limited by intellectual property monopolies. This paper* introduces questions regarding the patent protection of life forms on cultural and economic development and considers whether further limitations are warranted on intellectual property monopolies that may be created in living organisms, including plants/plant varieties and animals, in the context of genetic engineering. Other potential means of effective commercial return for these technologies are outlined, with particular attention to notions of corporate responsibility, branding, and civil society action through non-governmental organizations and the public.|
|Appears in Collections:||JIPR Vol.11(2) [March 2006]|
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