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JIPR Vol.11(2) [March 2006] >


Title: Patenting Lives—Life Patents, Culture and Development
Authors: Gibson, Johanna
Keywords: Life forms
biotechnology
traditional knowledge
genetic resources,
genetically modified
non-governmental organization
biodiversity
misappropriation
Issue Date: Mar-2006
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: While many have lauded the potential role of agricultural biotechnology in achieving food and agricultural security in the developing world, this enthusiasm has been tempered by concerns over access to that technology being limited by intellectual property monopolies. This paper* introduces questions regarding the patent protection of life forms on cultural and economic development and considers whether further limitations are warranted on intellectual property monopolies that may be created in living organisms, including plants/plant varieties and animals, in the context of genetic engineering. Other potential means of effective commercial return for these technologies are outlined, with particular attention to notions of corporate responsibility, branding, and civil society action through non-governmental organizations and the public.
Page(s): 103-112
ISSN: 0971-7544
Source:JIPR Vol.11(2) [March 2006]

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