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|Title:||Fermentation, isolation, purification and characterization of an antitubercular antibiotic from Streptomyces luridus MTCC 4402|
Kumar, K Shravan
|Keywords:||16S rRNA gene;Antibiotic resistance;Multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB);Mycobacterium tuberculosis;Spiramycin;Tuberculosis|
|Abstract:||Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, continues to be a serious public health problem around the world, and it urges the need for development of new antitubercular drugs. An antibiotic producing strain, Streptomyces luridus (MTCC 4402) was earlier isolated from soil by our group. In this work, the phylogenic status was established by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The strain was found to be active against clinically resistant strains. The culture was grown in shake flasks in a medium containing cornsteep liquor, glucose, CaCO3, soyabean meal and starch. Antibiotic production reached maximum at the end of 72 h. and fermentation profile was obtained. The active compound was extracted into ethyl acetate and was subjected to activity guided purification by column chromatography using silica gel, TLC and HPLC methods. The pure compound eluted at 16.7 min. by gradient elution was subjected to 1H, 13C NMR and mass spectral analyses. The acquired data was compared with that of natural products’ data base and found to be a known antibiotic, spiramycin. The purified compound was studied for mutagenic, cytotoxicity, antitubercular activities. It was non mutagenic at the concentration of 1000 mg/mL, non cytotoxic and active as antitubercular agent at a concentration of 64 mg/mL and was comparable to rifampicin.|
|ISSN:||0975-1009 (Online); 0019-5189 (Print)|
|Appears in Collections:||IJEB Vol.54(09) [September 2016]|
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