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Title: Fishing in the Siang belt of Arunachal Pradesh, India: Learning Traditional Ecological Knowledge of Adi and Galo communities
Authors: Hussain, Shah Mustahid
Sen, Debashish
Riba, Toge
Pathak, Mahesh
Singh, Ranjay K
Keywords: Lipum;Traditional fishing;Adi and Galo tribes;Siang river
Issue Date: Oct-2016
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A01K 69/00, A01K 71/00, A01K 73/00, A01K 74/00, A01K
Abstract: This research was carried out with the Adi and Galo tribes of East Siang and West Siang districts of Arunachal Pradesh, India to understand fishing methods employed by them using stones and boulders occurring in the river beds of small tributaries of the Siang River in the study area. The identified sustainable fishing technique is locally known as Lipum and practised by these communities. The capture of fish ranged from 4-10 kg per Lipum and one person could make 3-4 different Lipum structures per day. Lipum is prepared during winter season (in the month of November and December) and to undertake fishing during January and February. To prepare the Lipum, stones are placed in a circle with a diameter ranging from 1.5 m to 2.3 m, and arranged to produce a structure around 0.7 - 1.2 m high, depending upon water depth. Care is taken so that the Lipum remains submersed in water throughout the winter season. The lipum acts as a shelter for the fishes as it provides congenial environment to the fishes, where different types of algae grows as well as water flow becomes slow inside the structure. During harvesting of fish from the lipum, the entire structure is surrounded with the ishir with an opening in the top. The edir is fixed with the ishir in the bottom in such a way so that the fish is unable to escape. Gradually the stones are removed from the lipum and the fishes are scooped up. This fishing technique has been sustainable for subsistence communities like Adis and Galos. However, recent socio-political changes such as fishing with the use of electrical means like use of generator, battery, blasting, poisoning, etc., are affecting the dynamics of this practice. There is need to incorporate such Traditional knowledge practices in conservation and state fishing regulations.
Page(s): 685-692
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.15(4) [October 2016]

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