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Title: Source and implication of fatty acids in surface sediments from the Pearl River Mouth Basin, South China Sea
Authors: Mao, Shengyi
Zhu, Xiaowei
Sun, Yongge
Guan, Hongxiang
Wu, Daidai
Wu, Nengyou
Keywords: Fatty acids;Carbon isotopic;South China Sea;Pearl River Mouth Basin
Issue Date: Oct-2015
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Present study consists the fatty acid composition of five samples of Site 4B surface sediment from the Pearl River Mouth Basin in the South China Sea. Total fatty acid (TFA) content of the ranged from 5.14 μg/g to 8.99 μg/g (μg FA/g dry sediment), and the carbon number ranged from C12 to C32. The fatty acids detected in the five surface samples include the normal saturated fatty acids, branched-chain fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and isoprenoid acids. Short-chain fatty acids in the normal saturated fatty acids were mainly from the marine microorganisms, whereas the long-chain fatty acids were from terrigenous higher plants. The higher concentration of short-chain fatty acids relative to the long-chain fatty acids indicates that the input from marine microorganisms in the surface sediment is far greater than that from terrigenous higher plants. The branched-chain fatty acids i/a15:0, i/a17:0, and 10me16:0 and the monounsaturated fatty acids 18:1ω9 and 16:1ω9 were mainly synthesized by sulfate-reducing bacteria, whereas 16:1ω7 was from the sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Relative content of the different fatty acids indicate that the surface sediment is dominated by a reductive environment. In addition, eight isoprenoid acids including phytanic acid, 17β(H),21β(H)-32-bi-homohopanoic acid, and pristane acid were detected in the surface sediment, and they mainly originated from chlorophyll a and bacteria.
Page(s): 1528-1539
ISSN: 0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJMS Vol.44(10) [October 2015]

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