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Title: Spatial heterogeneity of zooplankton abundance and diversity in the Saudi coastal waters of the Southern Red Sea
Authors: Al-Aidaroos, Ali M.
El-Sherbiny, Mohsen M.
Mantha, Gopikrishna
Keywords: Holoplankton;Meroplankton;Copepoda;Red Sea;Farasan;Al-Quonfidah;Al-Lith
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
Abstract: Zooplankton distribution, abundance and diversity were studied at 50 stations from 3 different locations along the southern coast of Saudi Red Sea between 16º 31ʹ N and 20º 16ʹ N. Zooplankton standing crop fluctuated between 1,058 and 25,787 individuals m-3 with an average of 5230 ind. m-3. Zooplankton community was dominated by holoplanktonic forms representing 80.95% of the total zooplankton, while meroplanktonic forms constituted 19.05%. Zooplankton was generally dominated by copepods which contributed about 69.66%. A total of 100 copepods species were recorded in the study area. Copepod diversity decreased northward (94, 69 and 62 species at Farasan, Al-Quonfidah and Al-Lith, respectively). Adult cyclopoid copepods dominated the zooplankton community in term of abundance and species number (19.55%, 65 species) with a dominance of Oncaea media, Oithona similis and Farranula carinata.
Page(s): 70-85
ISSN: 0975-1033 (Online); 0379-5136 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJMS Vol.45(01) [January 2016]

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