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Title: Cyanogenic and non-cyanogenic glycosides from Manihot esculenta (Euphorbiaceae) [RETRACTED ARTICLE]
Authors: Anam, Edet M
Keywords: Manihot esculenta
Euphorbiaceae
cassava
roots
leaves
cyanogenic
non-cyanogenic
glycosides
flavonoids
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: CSIR
Abstract: A novel cyanogenic glycoside, 2-((6-O-(β-D-apiofuranosyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-2-methylbutanenitrile, 1, three novel non-cyanogenic glycosides, (2S)-((6-O-(β-D-apiofuranosyl)-β-D-gluco¬pyrano¬syloxy) butane, 2; 2-((6-O-(β-D-apiofuranosyl)-β-D-gluco¬pyranosyloxy) propane, 3, ethyl β-D-glucopyranoside, 4, two known cyanogenic glycosides, (R)-2-(β-D-Glucopyranosyloxy)-2-methyl butanenitrile (lotaustralin), 5, 2-(β-D-Gluco¬pyrano¬syloxy)-2-methylpropane nitrile (linamarin), 6 have been isolated from ethanolic extract of the fresh rootcortex of Manihot esculenta. Lotaustralin and linamarin and two flavonoid glycosides, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, 7 and quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, 8 have been isolated from the methanol extract of the fresh leaves of the same plant.
Page(s): 423-429
ISSN: 0376-4699
Source:IJC-B Vol.48B(03) [March 2009]

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