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Title: Traditional water conveyance modes, their management and use in Udhampur district of Jammu and Kashmir
Authors: Slathia, PS
Sharma, BC
Paul, Narinder
Kumar, Rakesh
Gupta, SK
Keywords: Kool;Traditional;Moggha;Irrigation;Erosion;Management;Water conservation;Off season
Issue Date: Jul-2016
Publisher: NISCAIR-CSIR, India
IPC Code: Int. Cl.8: A01, A01G, A01G 25/00
Abstract: Water is a scarce resource that needs to be judiciously utilized for whatever purpose especially in agriculture sector. The present study focuses on traditional community managed water conveyance, management and conservation practices in Udhampur district of Jammu and Kashmir which has been followed by the farming communities through locally devised traditionally inherited technology using local material with least use of external inputs. These traditional irrigation channels are locally known as kools which contributes in water as well as soil conservation with indigenously developed management practices. Famers in the region since time immemorial have been using this kool system for irrigation and as result of it; they are not only producing major cereals but also off season vegetables which is augmenting their productivity and income. The diversion of water through kools has also resulted in the decrease of turbulent flow of water in perennial nalla which results in the considerable reduction in the loss of top soil, thus contributing significantly to the soil conservation.
Page(s): 503-508
ISSN: 0975-1068 (Online); 0972-5938 (Print)
Appears in Collections:IJTK Vol.15(3) [July 2016]

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